Mandarin Chinese Class Review #2

<< Mandarin Chinese Class Review #1

WoDeMao

I didn’t have a lot of time last week to study, so now it is time to review!


 Tonal Sandhi

  1. Cannot have two third-tones next to each other: The first one becomes second tone.
  2. With certain words, like bù and yì, before another fourth tone these change to second tone.

 

Family

Class was pretty fun tonight – we brought photos of our families to class and introduced them.

  • Mom: māma, Mother: mǔqīn
  • Dad: bàba, Father: fùqīn
  • Child/children: háizi
  • Son(s): érzi
  • Daughter(s): nǚér
  • Husband (formal): zhàng fū, Husband (informal): lǎogōng
  • Wife (formal): qī zǐ, Wife (informal): lǎopó
  • Older sister: jiějie
  • Younger sister: mèimei
  • Older brother: gēge
  • Younger brother: dìdi
  • Paternal Grandpa (formal): zǔfù, Paternal Grandpa (informal): yéye
  • Paternal Grandma (formal): zǔmǔ, Paternal Grandma (informal): nǎinai
  • Maternal Grandpa (formal): màizǔfù, Maternal Grandpa (informal): wàigōng
  • Maternal Grandma (formal): wài zǔmǔ, Maternal Grandma (informal): wàipó
  • Aunt (mother’s sister): āyí
  • Aunt (father’s sister): gūgu
  • Uncle (father’s younger brother): shūshu
  • Uncle (father’s older brother): bófù
  • Uncle (mother’s brother): jiùjiu

Numbers and Counting

  • 0: líng
  • 1: (yì when before a measure word)
  • 2: èr (with measure word: Liǎng)
  • 3: sān
  • 4:
  • 5:
  • 6: liù
  • 7:
  • 8:
  • 9: jiǔ
  • 10: shí

How many apples?
Jǐ gè píngguǒ?

One apple.
Yī gè píngguǒ. (Yī pronounced like yí here.)

I have one little sister.
Wǒ yǒu yī gè mèimei. (Yī pronounced like yí here.)


Occupations

  • Engineer: gōngchéngshī
  • Professor: jiàoshòu
  • Business person: shāngrén
  • Salesperson: tuīxiāoyuán
  • Doctor: yīshēng
  • Waiter, clerk, service person: fúwùyuán
  • Technician: jìshùyuán
  • Lawyer: lǜshī
  • Programmer: chéngxùyuán

Adjectives and Adverbs

  • Handsome: shuài
  • Ugly: chǒu
  • Cool:
  • Smart, intelligent: cōngmíng
  • Pretty, attractive: piàoliang
  • Good-looking: hǎokàn
  • Fat, stout: pàng
  • Thin: shòu
  • Nice, kind: shànliáng
  • Naughty, rambunctious: tiáopí
  • Tall: gāo
  • Short: ǎi
  • Small: xiǎo
  • Big:
  • Cute: kěài

Before an adjective, an adverb needs to be used:

  • Very: hěn
  • Extremely: fēicháng
  • Not too, not very: bútài

For example:

Is your cat cool?
Nǐ de māo kù ma?

My cat is cool.
Wǒ de māo hěn kù.

For small animals, the measure word is zhī.

I have one cat.
Wǒ yǒu yī zhī māo. (Pronounced like: Wó yǒu yì zhī māo.)

Do you have a pet?
Nǐ yǒu chǒngwù? (Pronounced like: Ní yóu chǒngwù? or Nǐ yóu chǒngwù?)

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