I often want to reference these articles but forget the name (and sometimes Martin Fowler’s name, so then I have to go do a search for that one book I have that he wrote). This post is mostly for my own reference, but if you are interested, here are some really good posts on diversity in tech.
I didn’t have a lot of time last week to study, so now it is time to review!
- Cannot have two third-tones next to each other: The first one becomes second tone.
- With certain words, like bù and yì, before another fourth tone these change to second tone.
Class was pretty fun tonight – we brought photos of our families to class and introduced them.
- Mom: māma, Mother: mǔqīn
- Dad: bàba, Father: fùqīn
- Child/children: háizi
- Son(s): érzi
- Daughter(s): nǚér
- Husband (formal): zhàng fū, Husband (informal): lǎogōng
- Wife (formal): qī zǐ, Wife (informal): lǎopó
- Older sister: jiějie
- Younger sister: mèimei
- Older brother: gēge
- Younger brother: dìdi
- Paternal Grandpa (formal): zǔfù, Paternal Grandpa (informal): yéye
- Paternal Grandma (formal): zǔmǔ, Paternal Grandma (informal): nǎinai
- Maternal Grandpa (formal): màizǔfù, Maternal Grandpa (informal): wàigōng
- Maternal Grandma (formal): wài zǔmǔ, Maternal Grandma (informal): wàipó
- Aunt (mother’s sister): āyí
- Aunt (father’s sister): gūgu
- Uncle (father’s younger brother): shūshu
- Uncle (father’s older brother): bófù
- Uncle (mother’s brother): jiùjiu
Numbers and Counting
- 0: líng
- 1: yī (yì when before a measure word)
- 2: èr (with measure word: Liǎng)
- 3: sān
- 4: sì
- 5: wǔ
- 6: liù
- 7: qī
- 8: bā
- 9: jiǔ
- 10: shí
How many apples?
Jǐ gè píngguǒ?
Yī gè píngguǒ. (Yī pronounced like yí here.)
I have one little sister.
Wǒ yǒu yī gè mèimei. (Yī pronounced like yí here.)
- Engineer: gōngchéngshī
- Professor: jiàoshòu
- Business person: shāngrén
- Salesperson: tuīxiāoyuán
- Doctor: yīshēng
- Waiter, clerk, service person: fúwùyuán
- Technician: jìshùyuán
- Lawyer: lǜshī
- Programmer: chéngxùyuán
Adjectives and Adverbs
- Handsome: shuài
- Ugly: chǒu
- Cool: kù
- Smart, intelligent: cōngmíng
- Pretty, attractive: piàoliang
- Good-looking: hǎokàn
- Fat, stout: pàng
- Thin: shòu
- Nice, kind: shànliáng
- Naughty, rambunctious: tiáopí
- Tall: gāo
- Short: ǎi
- Small: xiǎo
- Big: dà
- Cute: kěài
Before an adjective, an adverb needs to be used:
- Very: hěn
- Extremely: fēicháng
- Not too, not very: bútài
Is your cat cool?
Nǐ de māo kù ma?
My cat is cool.
Wǒ de māo hěn kù.
For small animals, the measure word is zhī.
I have one cat.
Wǒ yǒu yī zhī māo. (Pronounced like: Wó yǒu yì zhī māo.)
Do you have a pet?
Nǐ yǒu chǒngwù? (Pronounced like: Ní yóu chǒngwù? or Nǐ yóu chǒngwù?)
My little sister Rose took a Mandarin Chinese class while she was attending Longview Community College. Here is a small comic she wrote for the class. 🙂
I love Let’s Plays, and I think they’re really handy for when you’re learning a new language. If it’s a game you’re familiar with, you can usually figure out the context in which the player is speaking, which makes it a little easier to try to pick out words and sentences.
So, what are some Mandarin language Let’s Plays?
Tuesday nights I’m taking a Mandarin Chinese class through KU’s Confucius Institute. I need to review and practice speaking more, because even though I am listening and reading between classes, I get flustered when asked to actually speak. 🙂
What is your name?
Nǐ jiào shénme míngzì?
I’m called Rachel Morris.
Wǒ jiào Rachel Morris.
我叫 Rachel Morris.
My family name is Morris.
Wǒ xìng Morris.
What is their name?
Tā jiào shénme míngzi?
他 （or 她）叫什么名字
Please speak a little slower!
Qǐng shuō màn diǎn’r!
How do you say _____ in Chinese?
____ Zhōngwén zěnme shuō?
Please say it again.
Qǐng zài shuō yíbiàn.
Chinese Practice Theater
(Visual Novel art by Halcyon and sei.chan)
Note that tone marks aren’t being updated based on tone sandhi rules.
I’m really bad at writing stories. I wish I were better, so I could make an altgame about what it’s like being a woman in Computer Science, and common experiences people experience. ;/
Perhaps you’ve heard of the Swadesh list — a compilation of basic concepts, which can be useful to learn as a core set of vocabulary when learning a new language.
While learning Esperanto, it became more clear to me what kind of things I talk about and what words I use most often (whereas with English I just took everything for granted!), so that’s why I compile my own Word List when I’m studying a new language.
So… here is my word list! (Work in Progress!)
|To be able to||Povi||Nénggòu||能够|
|To wish to||Deziri (?)||Yào||要|
|To must do||Devi||Yīngdāng||应当|
|To not like, dislike||Malŝati||Bù Xǐhuān||不喜欢|
|To go, leave||Iri, Foriri||Qù||去|
|To come, towards speaker||Veni||Lái||来|
|To come, towards listener||Veni||Qù||去|
|To take, obtain||Preni||?||?|
|To know, learned||Scii||?||?|
|To know, met||Koni||?||?|
|To have the opinion||Opinii||?||?|
|To feel, emotionally||Senti||?||?|
|To write, work on||Verki||?||?|
|To not understand||Ne komprendi||?||?|
|To drink, non-alcoholic||Trinki||?||?|
(s)he, him, her‡
(Hey, I’m a programmer!)
|Good bye.||Ĝis la revido.||zàijiàn||再见|
|How are you?||Kiel vi fartas?||nǐ hǎo ma?||你好吗？|
|I’m doing (very) well.||Mi bonfartas.||wǒ hěn hǎo 。||我很好。|
|I’m hungry.||Mi malsatas.||wǒ è le ！||我饿了！|
|I want to sleep.||Mi volas dormi.||wǒ xiǎngshuì jiào 。||我想睡觉。|
|Do you want to go?||Ĉu vi volas iri?||nǐ yào zǒu le ma ？||你要走了吗？|
|I want some potatoes.||Mi volas iom da terpomoj||wǒ yào jǐ ge tǔdòu 。||我要几个土豆。|
Sentence Structure Notes
Noun = Noun
|I am a programmer.||Mi estas programisto.||wǒ shì chéngxù yuán。||我是程序员。|
Noun = Adjective
|She is beautiful.||Ŝi estas bela.||tā hěn piàoliang。||很漂亮|
|She is very beautiful.||Ŝi estas tre bela.||tā hǎo piàoliang。||好漂亮|
|That cat is black.||Tiu kato estas negra.||nà zhī māo shì hēi de||只猫是黑的|
Noun Verbs Verb
Noun Verbs a Noun
Noun Verbs Verb Preposition Noun
I’ve spent a lot of time learning conlangs such as Esperanto, Láadan, Ido, and Toki Pona. Usually, while I’m learning a new conlang, I will make a website for it. For conlangs, there are a lot less resources out there than there are for natural languages, so while I might make a Twitter account for Spanish-only posts, I haven’t yet made a website for my target languages.
However, I think that building these webpages really help me learn, as well as organize the resources I find over time. While learning Esperanto, I was constantly referring to my own website as a sort of directory of knowledge, music, and videos I had found in the past.
So, I’ve decided to add a section to this Rejcx webpage for new languages that I’m learning. Instead of making a whole new website, it seems like a better idea to put all that stuff here. 🙂
So, I’m starting out with Mandarin, as that is what I’m currently learning. When I go back to Spanish I’ll add a Spanish page. And other languages? Who knows!
Learning Mandarin in Kansas City
On my Mandarin page, I will post up resources I am using to learn Mandarin Chinese, including websites, apps, etc.
However, I’m also taking a class through the Confucius Institute through the University of Kansas. Starting out with Conversational Chinese 1 with my boyfriend. We’ve both done some studying beforehand (him a lot more than me), but I’m enjoying getting practice speaking with other people, and having a native speaker to correct mistakes.
My little sister also took Mandarin Chinese at Longview Community College, so I could potentially practice with her as well! Yay!
As of July 31, 2015, Moosader has officially been registered as an LLC in the state of Kansas.
Since this is still all completely new to me, I’m going to keep a blog about what I’ve been doing as I figure everything out. Oy.
I want to finish the two unfinished Android games that I began last year, Delfino & Katyuno and Fantazio de Esperanto, so that I can work on my language learning RPG, but also so that I can try to collaborate with other people to make some games.
Specifically, I want to try to find people with stories to tell. Their stories, or fictional stories that they create from their own unique perspective.
For example, I might make a SHMUP-plus-Visual-Novel, with a story revolving about people who are asexual. I have my own experiences in this regard, but I want to also find others who can add their experiences to the narrative as well.
I also want to find people who have experiences different from my own, and work with them to create a medium for them to express their stories.
I feel stuck by the lack of time, I need to work harder to put myself in a situation where I can accomplish this.